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A Just Coal Transition in Indonesia: Actors, framings and future directions

Indonesia, the world’s third largest coal producer after China and India, committed to becoming a “net-zero” economy by 2060 at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 26) in Glasgow in 2021. However, reaching this objective will be difficult—given the importance of coal for both the country’s economy and power generation—but also necessary.

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The many challenges in this process include stakeholders’ diverging visions as to how—and sometimes whether—to phase out coal usage and how to follow a “just energy transition” pathway. This paper, based both on a desk review of scientific and other literature and on in-country stakeholder consultations, explores how those diverging visions and priorities might hinder a coal phase-down and, in the end, a phase-out of coal in Indonesia. In addition to exploring those visions, the report also sheds light on the socio-economic barriers to a truly just energy transition in the country.

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